Managers and leaders Without delving into a controversial issue (issue we have reserved for another writing), we considered it advisable to clarify the relationship between management (or administration or management) and leadership. There are definitely interchangeable terms. Relations between the two concepts have been presented from three perspectives. Some authors believe that leadership is a part, among others, the responsibilities of the manager. Davis and Newstrom (2003) state that “Leadership is an important part of the administration, but not alone.” (P.194). In addition to lead, they note, “managers also plan activities, organize and control structures resources” (Ibid.) For other authors, leadership is a more general process that the administration (or management, or management). Hersey et al.
(Op. cit.) Note: “In essence, leadership is a broader concept than management. Management is a special kind of leadership, guided by the achievement of organizational goals “(p. 7). Finally, some scholars simply perceive the leadership and management as two different processes (not including any other), which can be complementary and sometimes incompatible. Burt Nanus (1994), for instance, has written: “The tasks and functions of leaders are different from those of managers, as are their perspectives, skills, assessments of success and functions within the organization. In many cases Leadership is a full time job, and those seeking to become managers and leaders at the same time find it difficult to do both tasks effectively “(p. 41) Caroselli (2002), in line with this approach, states:” As a manager working to achieve the goals of the organization, the role of a leader is to set new goals, review and recycle old or undertake new lines of action “.